What Is Business Interruption Insurance? Exploring Its Coverage

Business interruption insurance serves as a crucial safeguard, stepping in to compensate for the financial losses a business may incur in the aftermath of a disaster.

This unforeseen event might manifest as a destructive fire, a formidable natural disaster, or any other calamity that disrupts regular business operations.

Unlike standalone policies, business interruption insurance is seamlessly integrated into existing coverage structures.

It is commonly appended to property/casualty policies or seamlessly incorporated as an additional feature in comprehensive package policies, often referred to as an add-on or rider.

This strategic integration ensures that businesses are equipped with a comprehensive safety net, not only protecting physical assets but also addressing the potential economic setbacks arising from the interruption of regular business activities due to unforeseen events.

What is business interruption insurance
Business interruption insurance replaces lost income if business operations are halted due to direct physical loss or damage: Photo source (Forbes)

Understanding Business Interruption Insurance

Business interruption insurance premiums are tax-deductible.

This policy pays out if the loss aligns with the underlying property/casualty policy, and the payout is based on past financial records.

Coverage lasts until the business interruption period ends, typically 30 days, extendable to 360 days with an endorsement.

The defined period is from the peril start date until the damaged property is restored, with a possible waiting period of 48 to 72 hours.

Types of Business Interruption Coverage

Understanding various business interruption coverages is crucial before delving into what’s typically covered. Common forms include:

  1. Business Income Coverage: Replaces lost income during a temporary closure, covering profits, payroll, rent, taxes, and operating costs.
  2. Extra Expense Coverage: Handles additional costs to prevent or minimize shutdown, such as renting temporary space, overtime for non-exempt staff, or temporary relocation expenses.
  3. Contingent Business Interruption Coverage: Protects against losses from disruptions in suppliers or business partners’ operations.
  4. Civil Authority Coverage: Shields against damages resulting from government-mandated closures or limitations preventing business operations.

Note that each expense type may be specific to certain coverage or included only if opted into.

What Business Interruption Insurance Covers

Business interruption insurance typically covers:

  1. Profits: Reimburses for lost earnings based on prior performance.
  2. Fixed costs: Includes operating expenses and other business-related costs.
  3. Temporary location: Covers costs of relocating and operating from a temporary space.
  4. Commission and training: Addresses machinery replacement and personnel retraining costs.
  5. Extra expenses: Reimburses reasonable additional costs to keep the business running.
  6. Civil authority ingress/egress: Compensates for financial losses due to government-mandated closures.
  7. Employee wages: Provides coverage for payroll during business shutdowns.
  8. Taxes: Ensures payment of taxes on time to avoid penalties.
  9. Loan payments: Helps meet monthly loan obligations, even during income disruptions.

What Business Interruption Insurance Does Not Cover

Insurance won’t cover:

  • Broken items (e.g., glass) from a covered event
  • Flood or earthquake damage (requires a separate policy)
  • Undocumented income not on business financial records
  • Utilities
  • Pandemics, viruses, or communicable diseases (e.g., COVID-19)

Special Considerations for Business Interruption Insurance

Insurer pays only if the insured suffers a loss from the interruption, and the payout is capped at the policy limit.

Business Interruption Insurance and Pandemics

During the COVID-19 outbreak, scrutiny has heightened on business interruption insurance coverage.

Unfortunately, in most cases, policy holders won’t be covered.

Standard policies typically require direct physical loss or damage, and even all-risk insurance often excludes losses from viruses and communicable diseases.

Also read: What types of insurance does a pet grooming business need


How Much Does Business Interruption Insurance Cost?

The cost of business interruption insurance depends on several factors, such as the size of your company, the industry in which you operate, and the coverage levels you choose.

Other elements that may affect the cost include your company’s location, revenue, and claims history.

Business interruption insurance may range from a few hundred to several thousand dollars annually.

Insurance cost depends on your business specifics and chosen coverage.


How Does Interruption Insurance Work?

Business interruption insurance comes into play when a covered event occurs.

You can initiate a claim with your insurance company and submit evidence of the damages incurred.

Your insurer will assess your claim, particularly considering whether the event falls under your existing business interruption coverage.


What Triggers a Business Interruption Claim?

Business interruption coverage typically becomes active only when a covered event results in a direct physical property loss.

Claims require physical damage to your location for financial compensation.


Is Business Interruption Claims Subject To a Limit?

Indeed, business interruption coverage typically limits the amount to be based on a specific level of activity over a designated period.

For instance, certain coverage may confine business interruption benefits to a 12-month financial period.

Furthermore, limitations may exist on the types of expenses or lost revenue that can be claimed.


Business interruption insurance aims to reimburse you for lost income and additional expenses that arise from an unexpected disruption in your business operations.

However, your policy may not cover certain situations and conditions.

Understand your policy details to avoid surprises during a business interruption.

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