Does Title Insurance Cover Property Line Disputes

Title insurance is mandatory in real estate transactions involving ownership transfer to provide financial protection in case of contested ownership.

This arises when multiple parties claim ownership and need to establish legal ownership before selling the property.

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Title Insurance in property line dispute: Image courtesy (

A common issue related to property ownership is a property line dispute, where parties disagree on property boundaries. Such disputes involve buyers, sellers, neighbors, or other interested parties.

The coverage of title insurance for property line disputes varies depending on the circumstances.

What Is Title Insurance?

Title insurance is a type of insurance that protects mortgage lenders and/or homeowners against claims questioning the legal ownership of a home or property (i.e., the title to the property).

If disputes over title ownership arise after the purchase, the insurance policy pays for any legal fees to resolve them.

Title Insurance in property line dispute
Does title insurance cover property line disputes? Image courtesy (

Title insurance protects the policyholder from past title discrepancies with the seller or previous owner, discovered during or after the purchase.

It differs from other insurances that cover future mishaps.

History Of Title Insurance

Title insurance has existed for centuries, originating in 1798 as protection against forged deeds in London.

It gained popularity in Europe and North America in the 1800s.

In the US, it evolved into its current form in the early 20th century, offering broader coverage for property-related disputes.

Today, buyers should research insurers as policies vary in coverage, potentially impacting buyer-seller agreements.

Types Of Coverage

Title insurance is vital for property owners, shielding them from risks like forgery, liens, encumbrances, and boundary issues.

It also covers land disputes with adjacent properties.

Also read: Are Property Insurance proceeds Taxable?

Two types of coverage:

Broad form – for ownership disputes and encroachments.

Limited coverage – for identified neighboring property issues.

Reimbursement depends on policy terms and exclusions.

What is Lender’s Title Insurance?

A lender’s title policy is designed to protect the financial institution providing your mortgage from title claims that would put their stake in your home at risk.

Lenders almost always require borrowers to purchase title insurance on the lender’s behalf as part of the loan-approval process. It’s considered a closing cost.

What Is Owner’s Title Insurance?

The owner’s title policy is designed to protect the homeowner in case of any claims against their ownership of the home. In most cases, owner’s title insurance is not required in a home purchase, but it is recommended. It can be paid for by the seller at closing, so you may want to negotiate for it when you are purchasing a home.

What Is a Warranty Of Title?

If you are buying a home in cash or your lender doesn’t require title insurance, you can request that the seller provide a warranty of title, which states that they are the sole party with a right to sell the home.

What Is a Property Line Dispute?

A property line dispute is a disagreement between two or more landowners concerning the location of their shared boundary line.

These disputes can be visible (e.g., encroaching fences) or hidden without clear markers.

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Title insurance in property line dispute: Image courtesy (

They often lead to financial conflicts and legal battles, even when no intrusion exists.

Title insurance may not cover property line disputes unless specified.

It’s crucial for homeowners to understand their policy’s coverage before investing.

Common Causes Of Property Line Disputes

Property line disputes can arise between neighbors over shared fences, walls, and resources.

Encroachments, illegal construction, and boundary inaccuracies can also lead to tensions.

If negotiation fails, legal counsel may be needed for mediation or arbitration.

Does Title Insurance Cover Property Line Disagreement?

Title policy is a powerful tool for protecting your property from claims.

It covers various issues, including disputes over property lines, providing extra security and avoiding costly litigation.

It protects against losses and damages related to your home’s title or ownership history.

However, some boundary line disagreements, like those involving vegetation or fencing, may not be covered under a standard policy.

Always consult your insurer before relying on title policy for significant land development projects.

Alternative Solutions For Resolving Property Line Disputes

Property line disputes can be stressful.

Fortunately, there are cost-effective solutions such as; Mediation, Arbitration, Law Court and Conciliation.

Mediation allows face-to-face negotiation with a neutral mediator facilitating communication.

Another option is Arbitration, where an independent third party makes a binding decision based on presented evidence.

If needed, court enforcement may follow.

Conciliation involves an agreement facilitated by a third party without legal representation, but involving lawyers can ensure the agreement’s legality and property use regulations.

Below is a video clip covering what you need to know about title insurance;

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